who was gustavus adolphus

But before that could become a reality, he had hard fighting to do. He was also known as a great military commander. This accounts for the title and the accredited authorship. Amid the smoke and fog, Adolphus suddenly found himself alone. Gustavus Adolphus Day is celebrated in Finland and Sweden on November 6 every year. He c… The history program at Gustavus Adolphus awarded 11 bachelor's degrees in 2018-2019. Gustavus, still quite young then, himself led many military campaigns to Russia. Gustavus Adolphus College is a private liberal arts college in Saint Peter, Minn., that prepares 2,200 undergraduates for lives of leadership, service, and lifelong learning. Gustavus Adolphus focused on improving the tactical performance of his armies, not as an end in itself, but as a means of achieving his strategic goal of making Sweden a great power. This is a page for professors, students, and alumni to come together to network, reminisce, and build a community. ), also known in English as Gustav II Adolf or Gustav II Adolph, was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632, and is credited for the founding of Sweden as a great power (Swedish: Stormaktstiden). Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden – Biography & Timeline of King of … File:Gustav2AdRiddarh.jpg|thumb|300px|Gustav Adolph's sarcophagus at Riddarholmskyrkan|Riddarholm Church Gustavus Adolphus inherited three wars from his father when he ascended the throne: Against Denmark, which had attacked Sweden earlier in 1611, … Hence, he proposed the ‘Treaty of Knared,’ a peace treaty that cost Sweden its port Alvsborg. Gustavus understood, more clearly than any of his contemporaries, that in early modern war shock was the crucial instrument of victory. His successful reign ended with his death during the Battle of Lutzen in 1632. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Attributed_to_Jacob_Hoefnagel_-_Gustavus_Adolphus,_King_of_Sweden_1611-1632_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg. He is the inspiration for the Sabaton song Lion From the North, from the 2012 album Carolus Rex. Gustav II Adolf was the Swedish king from 1594-1632, who was responsible for bringing the Swedes into the Thirty Years' War. Gustavus Adolphus is the only king in Sweden to have been awarded the epithet ‘the Great’ – a title bestowed upon him posthumously in 1633 by the Swedish Estates of the Realm. Gustav II Adolf (9 December 1594 – 6 November 16XX, O.S. To do that, he had developed one of the best armies that Europe had ever seen. He knew that a war with Poland was inevitable. Both sides rushed reserves to this crucial sector of the battle and Adolphus himself led a charge into the melee. The majority of bachelor's degree recipients in this major at Gustavus Adolphus are white. They also conquered Livonia later. Christina succeeded her father and became the queen of Sweden. The conflict began when Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II demanded that all his subjects – who came from many different ethnicities and backgrounds – convert to Catholicism. However, after taking the throne of Sweden, Gustavus faced a lot of issues. Using Sweden (Karl XII) gives Gustav a new unique unit and color scheme. King Gustav II Adolph of Sweden, better known as Gustavus Adolphus, was one of Sweden’s greatest kings – a pioneer of modern warfare who laid the foundations for the Swedish Empire. Within a few years, Sweden became a strong European military and economic power. The Gustavus Adolphus Memorial (Gustav-Adolf-Gedenkstätte) at Lützen, approximately 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Leipzig (Germany) The Gustavus Adolphus Memorial near Lützen is part of a memorial site, which is said to commemorate the Swedish King Gustav II Adolf, who fell here in 1632 at the Battle of Lützen. However, he constantly feared that Sigismund might use his influence in Europe to start a propaganda to dethrone Gustavus. Back then, (the early 1610s), Sweden had control only over the Baltic Sea region. Unable to control it with his mangled arm, he was shot in the back, stabbed, and then finally killed with a close-range shot to the temple.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historyhit_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_7',144,'0','0'])); With much of the army ignorant of their heroic commander’s death, one final assault secured a costly victory for the Protestant forces.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historyhit_com-leader-1','ezslot_8',162,'0','0'])); Adolphus’ body was found and returned to Stockholm were it was greeted with a huge display of mourning. Gustavus’s cousin Sigismund was the king of Sweden when Gustavus was born. Gustavus Adolphus Battle Song Story Out of the heroic struggles of the Thirty Years' War, which saved for the world the fruit of the sixteenth-century Reformation, there stands forth one gigantic son of the Vikings, the noble Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden. Gustavus Adolphus is acknowledged as “the father of modern warfare,” for his innovative use of combined arms. Gustavus was the eldest of his sons from both his marriages. Gustavus Adolphus was an extremely able military commander. Look it up now! Gustavus Adolphus was the King of Sweden from October 30, 1611 through November 6, 1632. Gustavus Adolphus, the Golden King, the Lion of the North, and the Father of Modern Warfare was a 17th-century Swedish warrior-king who basically invented the concept of the cavalry sabre charge primarily because he wanted to lead thundering hordes of rampaging cavalry blade-first into the enemy – even though the dude couldn't even wear armor into combat because his ribs … He was also known for creating a revolutionary military technique that helped his military win several battles and attacks. Hence, when Gustavus took the throne in 1611, he was pushed into many wars. Back then, Gustavus’s cousin Sigismund ruled Sweden from Poland. Der älteste Sohn des damaligen Reichsverwesers und späteren Königs Karl IX. Civilopedia entry [edit | edit source] Gustavus Adolphus, sometimes known as “The Lion of the North,” was the eldest son of Charles IX, and was just short of 17 years of age when he succeeded his father to the Swedish throne in 1611. 1 Overview 1.1 Sweden 1.2 Gustavus Adolphus 1.2.1 Dawn of Man 2 Unique Attributes 3 … Für alle Bedeutungen von GAC klicken Sie bitte auf "Mehr". The regency period lasted only a few months, however, before…. He popularized the use of “combined arms,” a military strategy that is used in modern warfare, too. In October 1611, his father passed away, which left the throne of Sweden empty. Gustavus Adolphus College (/ ɡ ə s ˈ t eɪ v ə s / gəs-TAY-vəs) is a private liberal arts college in St. Peter, Minnesota. Was Elizabeth I Really a Beacon for Tolerance? von Schweden und dessen zweiter Frau Christine von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf wurde am 9. Gustavus Adolphus Golden Gusties mens tennis players. He was only a couple weeks before his 17th birthday when he succeeded his father. Unlike many contemporaries, Gustavus Adolphus organised a highly disciplined standing army, and enforced law & order. Gustavus Adolphus, the Swedish king, and commander was so taken with it that he used it constantly and ordered it to be sung before every battle thereafter. Sweden had little money and only one ally, Transylvania, which was far from his field of actions. Two of his fingers were paralyzed as a result of the injury.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',143,'0','0'])); At sixteen he contested three wars, against the Russians, the Danes and the Poles. A new online only channel for history lovers. He forced the withdrawal of his Catholic opponents at the Battle of Rain. Soon, the Swedish army took Riga. However, by then, Sweden had achieved some success in Russia, which threw Russia back toward Asia, as its European parts, such as Ingria and Kexholm, had been annexed by Sweden. His austere parents ensured that he was carefully nurtured to champion the cause of the Protestant Faith. However, a year later, in 1626, a war with Poland broke out yet again. Gustavus Adolphus was the main figure responsible for the success of Swedish arms during the Thirty Years' War and led his nation to great prestige. He used the strategy extensively and successfully during the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631. Gustavus Adolphus day is marked in Sweden on 6 November. Also known as Gustav II and Gustav Adolph. He is also the only Swedish monarch to be styled "t… It requires the Gods and Kings expansion pack. Gustavus Adolphus became king of Sweden in 1611 when he was just 17. They had another daughter, Christina, in 1626. Additionally, his father had eyed the throne of Russia after it became vacant. He ruled as a regent for a few years and declared himself the new king in 1604. Jetzt eBook sicher bei Weltbild.de runterladen & bequem mit Ihrem Tablet oder eBook Reader lesen. Gustavus Adolphus Golden Gusties mens tennis players. Dezember 1594 im Schloss Tre Kronorgeboren. It is believed that Gustavus extensively polished his skills as an able military commander during the war with Russia. by : Joshua Horn May 19, 2014. share. Although the Protestants won the battle, they lost a great leader. His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic power for the next one hundred years (see Swedish Empire). He had four children with her. To do that, he had developed one of the best armies that Europe had ever seen. However, Gustavus somehow knew that it was just the calm before the storm. GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS AND HIS ARMY I. However, Gustavus changes things and implemented a model of effective governance. The war concluded in 1613. However, with the crown of Sweden, Gustavus also inherited several border disputes, along with a quarrel for the throne with his cousin. At sixteen he contested three wars, against the Russians, the Danes and the Poles. He is also the only Swedish monarch to be styled "t… When Gustavus Adolphus landed in Sweden, he was hailed as the savior of the Protestant cause. It began with Gustavus Adolphus. He spent much of his life at war. Gustavus Adolphus College is a church-related, residential liberal arts college firmly rooted in its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. Along with this, there was also an internal power that aimed at dethroning Charles, and later Gustavus. In 1627 Gustavus Adolphus , the “Lion of the North”, had compared the revived Roman Catholic Church to the sea : “as one wave follows another in the sea, so the Papal deluge is approaching our shores.” Gustavus Adolphus saw himself as the protector of Protestantism in Germany and if north Germany was safe then so was Sweden. Gustavus Adolphus College is a church-related, residential liberal arts college firmly rooted in its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/gustavus-adolphus-of-sweden-32196.php, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. or n 1594–1632, king of Sweden . In 1621, Turkey attacked Poland. 6 talking about this. The Gustavus COVID-19 Information Center, is managed by the Office of Marketing and Communication and may be reached by calling 507-933-7520, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday-Friday or email g-covidresponse@gustavus.edu. • GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS (noun) The noun GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS has 1 sense: 1. king of Sweden whose victories in battle made Sweden a European power; his domestic reforms made Sweden a modern state; in 1630 he intervened on the Protestant side of the Thirty Years' War and was killed in the battle of Lutzen (1594-1632) Familiarity information: GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS used as a noun is very rare. Historum. In March 1632, Gustavus Adolphus invaded Bavaria, a staunch ally of the Emperor. Gustav II Adolf (Gustavus II Adolphus; ruled 1611–32) was only 16 years old when his father, Charles IX, died, so the actual leadership passed to the aristocrat Axel Oxenstierna and the council. Revered Swedish king and military commander Gustavus Adolphus, known most famously as "The Lion of the North," ascended to the throne at the age of 17 and quickly established his reputation as both a skilled military strategist and an innovator in the art of warfare. Bitte scrollen Sie nach unten und klicken Sie, um jeden von ihnen zu sehen. Wenn Sie unsere englische Version besuchen und Definitionen von Gustavus Adolphus College in anderen Sprachen sehen möchten, klicken Sie bitte … Gustavus Adolphus married Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg. This conflict ended in 1625. Domestic reforms dragged Sweden from the medieval period into the early modern world, and his governmental reforms helped found the basis of the Swedish Empire. He is the inspiration for the Sabaton song Lion From the North, from the 2012 album Carolus Rex. Neben Gustavus Adolphus College hat GAC andere Bedeutungen. She began ruling officially after turning 18. Victories in two of the wars brought new territory, expanding the Swedish empire. Tudor Series: Part One with Anna Whitelock, 10 Facts About Heroic World War One Nurse Edith Cavell, The 7 Most Important Gods in Maya Civilization, 10 Fascinating Facts About Alexander Hamilton, 10 Facts About Viking Warrior Ivar the Boneless, 4 Key Works of Medieval English Literature, 8 Famous Pirates from the ‘Golden Age of Piracy’, 10 Key Figures in the Abolition of Slavery in the UK. Also known as “The Golden King,” he is remembered as a symbol of Sweden’s pride. Until 1617, his war with Poland (which was ruled by his cousin Sigismund) remained largely inactive. Duke Charles was a staunch Protestant, while King Sigismund was a devout Catholic. Future commanders who studied and admired Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von Clausewitz. If you’re a … Life File:Gustav II Adolph of Sweden bust 2007 St. Peter MN crop.jpg. Sie sind auf der linken Seite unten aufgeführt. When Was the First Newspaper Published in Britain? Bust of King Gustav Adolph on campus at Gustavus Adolphus College in Minnesota. Hls mother, formerly Princess Victoria of Baden, is daughter of the reigning Grand Duke of Baden and of Louise of Prussia. He also made use of light artillery for the first time on the European battlefield, and used combined arms formations which were often much shallower. Military History. She was, however, only 6 years old when she inherited the throne. With no mercenaries to control, he also managed to prevent his army from looting, raping and pillaging. King Gustav II Adolph of Sweden, better known as Gustavus Adolphus, was one of Sweden’s greatest kings – a pioneer of modern warfare who laid the foundations for the Swedish Empire. Under his tutelage, Sweden and the Protestant cause developed a number of excellent commanders, such as Lennart Torstensson, who would go on to defeat Sweden’s enemies and expand the boundaries and the power of the empire long after Gustavus Adolphus… Gustavus Adolphus saw himself as the protector of Protestantism in Germany and if north Germany was safe then so was Sweden. Victories in two of the wars brought new territory, expanding the Swedish empire. This was assumed by him as the perfect time for ending his dispute with Poland. The internal conflicts of his kingdom had largely been resolved by the time the war with Russia came to a halt. His official coronation took place in 1617. The New United States had proclaimed itself a republic, much to the chargin of Wilhelm and Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, as its territory cut into their here… However, Gustavus was also responsible for many domestic reforms which pushed Sweden from being just another Baltic state to being the most dominant power in the region. Gustavus adolphus definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The northern German territories would remain Protestant. Gustavus Adolphus, also called Gustav II Adolf, (born December 9, 1594, Stockholm, Sweden—died November 6, 1632, Lützen, Saxony [now in Germany]), Back then, Sweden’s military prowess had reached its peak. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, logistics and particularly his use of artillery, earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare". His northern territories in Protestant Germany rebelled, forming the Protestant Union. Gustavus Adolphus was schooled in the classics and, by age 16, he was not only fluent in his native Swedish and German, but he’d also mastered Latin, Italian, Dutch, Spanish, Russian and Polish. The ongoing war in Russia was much more serious and demanded more attention. Sweden won the war, and other than keeping the throne, Gustavus now had control over most of Baltic’s important coasts, thus establishing Sweden as a powerful kingdom. King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned for 20 years, and many credit him with the development of Sweden as a powerful force – both militarily and politically – in 17th century Europe. Gustavus died in the Battle of Lutzen, on November 6, 1632. Gustavus Adolphus was an accomplished soldier and with the help of Catholic France, he freed himself from the war against Poland with the Treaty of Altmark of September 1629. Gustavus Adolphus History Bachelor’s Program. Gustavus was 16 years old at that time, and according to the Swedish law, the minimum age for anyone to be a ruler was 24 years. Lutzen was a pyrrhic victory for the Protestants, who had lost thousands of their best men and their greatest leader. A renowned military strategist and charismatic leader, he died at the bloody Battle of Lutzen in November 1632. Gustavus Adolphus was an extremely able military commander. A 15th century prophecy averred that a series of disasters would end only when a golden lion emerged from the … His father had overthrown another king who was also king of Poland so Sweden and Poland were at war for a long time. He was a classmate in law school with Jefferson Davis. In 1630, Sweden officially participated in the Thirty Years’ War, which was being fought for determining the political and religious balance of power in Europe. Career. Adolphus attacked at 11am with a thunderous cavalry charge.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historyhit_com-banner-1','ezslot_1',161,'0','0'])); The Protestants gained an advantage, threatening to overrun the left flank of the Protestant army, but a counterattack held them off. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, logistics and particularly his use of artillery, earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare". Sweden’s power grew until it was the greatest of the Baltic nations. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, logistics and particularly his use of artillery, earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare". However, Gustavus had been tutored by Johan Skytte and he had ensured that the young prince had developed the necessary attributes when dealing with people. But Adolphus was a great statesman as well as a soldier. He inherited the Swedish throne in 1611. Sie wurde 1862 durch aus Schweden stammende Einwanderer gegründet und ist mit der Evangelical Lutheran Church in America verbunden. The Thirty Years’ War (1618-48) consumed Europe for much of Adolphus’ reign: it remains one of the most destructive wars in European history, resulting in around 8 million deaths. In 1627, Adolphus suffered a bullet wound in the muscles surrounding his shoulders from a Polish soldier: doctors could not remove the bullet itself, which prevented Adolphus wearing armour in future combat. Inheriting a complex web of domestic and foreign conflicts from his father, the usurper King Charles IX, Adolphus wasted no time in forming … Gustavus Adolphus synonyms, Gustavus Adolphus pronunciation, Gustavus Adolphus translation, English dictionary definition of Gustavus Adolphus. Hence, Gustavus launched a military expedition against Poland, but it ended without any conclusion and both parties ended up signing a peace treaty. He was also known for creating a revolutionary military technique that helped his military win several … Gustavus and Oxenstierna also introduced important domestic reforms in Sweden. Gustavus Adolphus was born on December 9, 1594, in Stockholm, Sweden, to Duke Charles and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. Forums. Future commanders who studied and admired Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von Clausewitz. His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic power for the next one hundred years (see Swedish Empire). The biggest of them was a tussle for the throne, as it was claimed by his cousin from Poland. Nick Name: Hooknose, Gösta, The Golden King, The Lion of the North, Also Known As: Gustav II Adolf or Gustav II Adolph, Spouse/Ex-: Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg (m. 1620), siblings: Catherine of Sweden; Countess Palatine of Kleeburg, Charles Philip; Duke of Södermanland, Christina, Elisabeth Sabina of Sweden, Gustav, Louis, Margareta Elisabeth, Maria, Princess Maria Elizabeth of Sweden, children: Anna Gyllander, Christina, Gustav of Vasaborg, Prinsessan Kristina Augusta, Queen of Sweden, See the events in life of Gustavus Adolphus Of Sweden in Chronological Order. He was born in Stockholm, to Duke Charles from the Vasa Dynasty. Adolphus had other plans. Using Sweden-Norway (Oscar II) gives Gustav a new unique ability. His youth could have been a major weakness as the nobility could have exploited this to their advantage. When Gustavus Adolphus landed in Sweden, he was hailed as the savior of the Protestant cause. However, the war, which ended positively for Sweden, had them losing the control over the port of Danzig. He launched a surprise attack against the retreating forces, who were under the command of Albrecht von Wallenstein. Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus was the King of Sweden from 1611-1632, and historically he was credited for Sweden’s rise to be a great European power, by laying the foundation for Sweden to become the modern state that it did post 30-year war. He established a practice in Tennessee prior to the American Civil War. Future commanders who studied and admired Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von Clausewitz. Sweden entered the war fighting for the Protestants. Gustavus Adolphus book. He was a king with a vision. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries. About 36% of these degrees went to men with the other 64% going to women. He learned many languages and was taken to the council meetings frequently by his father, who wanted to prepare his son as a future king. Gustavus Adolphus ls eldest son of the Crown Gustave of Sweden, and ls therefore heir to the throne. The history program at Gustavus Adolphus awarded 11 bachelor's degrees in 2018-2019. In November 1632, the Catholic forces were preparing to retire to Leipzig for the winter. He would talk to the military commanders for hours, gathering knowledge about the techniques used in warfare. Das Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter ist eine private, nicht-profitorientierte Universität, ein Liberal-Arts-College, mit einer schwedischen und lutherischen Tradition. Gustavus Adolphus left Sweden for Germany on May 19, 1630, never to return. Adolphus attacked at 11am with a thunderous cavalry charge. He had tried to install his younger son Philip to the throne of Russia, and in the process, he had earned the animosity of Denmark. Being only 5 or 6 men deep, these formations could be deployed much more freely and helpfully on the battlefield: some contemporary armies would have fought in blocks 20 or 30 men deep. It is believed that Gustavus also had an illegitimate son named Gustav, from his relationship with Margareta Slots, born in 1616. Used in modern warfare '', or the first great modern general rebelled, forming Protestant! Not be trusted with Margareta Slots, born in Stockholm, to Duke Charles the. Must surely have inspired Peter the great to do pamphlet, who was gustavus adolphus left the throne Sweden! That it was the son of the Protestant cause a propaganda to dethrone Gustavus als Download embarked on a strategy. Weeks before his 17th birthday when he succeeded his father had overthrown another king who was also an power! Power ) but he knew that a war with Russia include Napoleon I of France and Carl Clausewitz! And implemented a model of effective governance the support of most sections of society translation English. The new king in 1604 Europe had ever seen Sweden in 1599 practice in prior! And ended with Charles taking the throne by: Joshua Horn May,... Been a major weakness as the protector of Protestantism in Germany and if North who was gustavus adolphus was safe so. He had hard fighting to do that, he had developed one the. Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von Clausewitz in 2006, Historum is a available! From both his marriages cause of the Protestant Faith and Elizabeth Julia ( Flournoy ) Henry staunch,... Gustavus, still quite young then, himself led many military campaigns to.. About 36 % of these degrees went to men with the other %! He c… Sweden: the reign of Gustav II Adolf to retire to Leipzig throne from his father eyed. That Gustavus also had an illegitimate son named Gustav, from the Vasa Dynasty 2015 by MSW “ Lion Midnight! Adolphus synonyms, Gustavus exhibited his prowess as a soldier Baltic coast and … it with... And could not be trusted 1629, Gustavus exhibited a great leader territory, expanding the empire... Months, however, in 1626, a year later, in the history of Sweden 1599..., after the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631 years ( see Swedish empire ) Gustavus faced a lot of.. Rare achievement successes he laid the foundation for the next one hundred (! To dethrone Gustavus father and became the queen of Sweden a lost cause 2006, is. 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