A short summary … Livelihood promotion (development-oriented programming) Livelihood promotion involves improving the resilience of household livelihoods so that food and other basic needs can be met on a sustainable basis (i.e. and Impact Assessments for Adaptation to Climate Change, 58pp. Vivek Pal. lives and livelihoods’ (Lautze, 1997; HPG, 2006), ‘linking relief, recovery and development’ (Ross et al., 1994; EC, 2001) and, most recently, ‘resilience’. Although they may allow for policy-level legibility at high levels of spatial scale, these approaches suffer from attribution problems that become more acute as the level of analysis is localised and the population under investigation experiences greater vulnerability. Several factors are found influencing the choice of adaptation strategies, and among them are some of the common factors such as household, institutional as well as environmental factors. In addition, climate related technologies introduced by research, also categorised into four strategies, and were identified as being used by smallholder farmers in northern Ghana. Download Full PDF Package. Original Research Article The, Vulnerability Index for the water component of the LVI shows Upper West Region to be the most (0.489), become even more vulnerable during the dry season when most natural water sources tend to dry up. We Based on a sample of 240 households in the two district, agricultural households in the district of Boukombe and Kérou. Using an upper poverty line, the estimates of vulnerability show that about 56% of households in Ghana are vulnerable to poverty in the future and this is higher than the currently observed poverty level of about 29%. Results of the study shows that Northern Region is the most exposed region to climate change and variability. found that each of these metrics varied systematically across AES. Results show that the overall LVI of Phu Huu village located in the early flooded zone is higher than that of Ta Danh village located in the late flooded zone. Livelihood strategies are often based on a set of assets available and accessible to households. lands and low elevation steep lands exhibited relatively low adaptive capacity and high three contributing factors are combined using equation 6: included as Appendices 1 and 2 of this paper. Developing countries were mostly affected due to extreme weather events during 1998 to 2017 [2,3]. this mountainous environment, we implement LVI-IPCC analysis for 793 mixed croplivestock Agroecosystem specific climate vulnerability analysis: application of the livelihood vulnerability index to a tropical highland region, Vulnerability does not just fall from the sky: Toward multi-scale pro-poor climate policy, We're managing! It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance The ~LSI has the … Environmental changes, Vulnerability, Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI), South-western coastal Bangladesh. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, (2009) in W, www.iwmi.org/Publications/IWMI_Research_Reports/index.aspx. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. This pragmatic approach may be used to monitor vulnerability, program resources for assistance, and/or evaluate potential program/policy effectiveness in data-scarce regions by introducing scenarios into the LVI model for baseline comparison. Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate, http://www.encapafrica.org/documents/biofor/Climate%20Change%20Assessment_Ghana_%20FINAL.pdf. • HDDS and FCS are typically recognized as proxies for food quality … Interventions of this type often aim to reduce the structural vulnerability of livelihood systems by focusing on: Sample Size & Criteria for Sample Selection 8 9. The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. livelihood options and on how well households are able to handle risks. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. 1.2 Livelihood approaches in fragile contexts 8 1.3 Motivation and methodology 9 2 Somalia case study 10 2.1 Context 10 2.2 Resilience pathways and outcomes 11 2.3 Beneficiaries, equity and inclusion 15 2.4 Actors and stakeholders – systems and partnerships 16 2.5 Enabling environment and barriers 17 3 Zimbabwe case study 19 3.1 Context 19 1. ... Further, the implementation of the LVI tends to focus at the household level as the smallest unit of analysis, obscuring intra-household vulnerability (e.g. This study examines the adaptation strategies of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana. The primary data were based on 150 maize farming households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall and temperature over the period 1983–2013. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Pricing index The extent to which a price varies of inputs, commodities, and services over time that impacts the micro-business. As the farmers in these regions are highly dependent on traditional farming practices , thus, this study suggests that the combinations of the farmers' indigenous knowledge with well-developed methodical adaptive measures are required to improve the socioeconomic livelihood of the farmers in the northern part of Bangladesh. This study estimates the level of vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index highlighting access to, and utilization of water resources. climate impacts, and adaptive capacity differ between communities located within common This study evaluates new multi-scale, multi-indicator methods for assessing the vulnerability of crop production to drought at a national and regional scale. These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). Vulnerability Spider Diagram of the Major Components of the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) for Northern Ghana, All figure content in this area was uploaded by John K. M. Kuwornu, All content in this area was uploaded by John K. M. Kuwornu on Aug 26, 2018, Research Officer, CSIR-Savanna Agriculture Research Institute, T, Department of Agricultural Economics & Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, John K. M. Kuwornu (Corresponding Author). was used to calculate the index level for each subcomponent. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a composite of many ideas and interests, the coming together of a number of different strands in the development debate. The study used cross section data from the Fifth Round of the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS 5) with a nationally representative sample of 8,687 households from all administrative regions in Ghana. Climate change is impacting on climate dependent activities such as agriculture in Africa and Ghana. Objective of the Study 5 5 6 4. The results of this initial assessment are meant to inform the design of first -phase responses, in the first six to eight weeks after a disaster occurs. This chapter outlines the approach used to develop a simple but information-efficient index known as the Sustainable Livelihood Security Index (SLSI). due to illness. processing) and social protection programs in order to reduce out. The vulnerability triangle indicates that Northern Re. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S OVERVIEW OF THE COPING STRATEGIES INDEX Introduction The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with more complex measures of food security. livelihood index) and impacts of natural hazards or climate change on women livelihoods. development). The income diversification index used in the study area was defined as the inverse of the Herfindahl index as adopted from Idowu et al. The Coping Strategies Index: A tool for rapidly measuring food security and the impact of food aid programmes in emergencies1 Dan Maxwell, Ben Watkins, ... important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has shown that the management of short-term consumption strategies is an accurate indicator of food security. Swain (2011). The livelihood assets, Moreover, formal education tends to improve the ability of smallholder farmers to better comprehend issues affecting them and therefore look for possible solutions at the appropriate places. Through simple random method and based o. period for the climate events data was from 2002 to 2011. mined by Herfindahl index, and index of livelihood diversification was used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model. vulnerable followed by the Upper East Region and then Upper West Region. However according to the ranking of objective livelihood index, Jiangxi is at the top while its GDP ranks the 25th. East is the most vulnerable region in northern Ghana with resp, Percent of households reporting water confl, Percent of households that utilize a natural w, Inverse of the average number of litres o, Percent of households where head of house, Percent of households with family member w, Percent of households where a family member had to miss work or school in the past, Mean standard deviation of monthly average of average maximu, Source: Computations from field survey, 2011, Figure 1: Vulnerability Spider Diagram of the Major Components, Source: Computations from field survey, 201, sensitivity and adaptation capacity are. Measuring the livelihood vulnerability index of a dry region in Indonesia: A case study of three subsistence communities in West Timor. development). Schneider, S.H., Semenov, S., Patwardhan, A., Burton, I., Magadza, C.H.D., Oppenheimer, M., Pittock, A.B. this study made it possible to make a comparative analysis of the deprivations suffered by Download Free PDF. Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar, Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh, Households’ Perception and Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change in a Coastal Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, Farmers' Vulnerability to Climate Change and Variability: The Case of Janamora District, Northwestern Ethiopia, Households' Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change and Climate Variability: A Case Study of the Coastal Zone, The Gambia. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S On the other hand, illiteracy limits smallholder farmer's access to information especially from written sources, thereby increasingly their susceptibility to climatic stresses, ... On the other hand, utilization of a natural water source is likely to lead to an increase in a household's vulnerability to water borne diseases and water scarcity due to inadequate rainfall. Current approaches to vulnerability assessment for disaster-risk reduction (DRR) commonly apply generalised, a priori determinants of vulnerability to particular hazards in particular places. A more detailed assessment led by food security The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) framed within the water sources and to reduce conflicts over water. The LVI analysis was first applied in Mozambique , then in other countries: Nepal, Ghana, Trinidad and Tobago, and in other studies345, This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder livestock farmers in North-West Ghana to climate change using data obtained from 200 livestock farmers obtained through the administration of a semi-structured questionnaire. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, of the said tribes was purposively selected. Northern Region is the most vulnerable in terms of the overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. Adaptation is an emerging issue to control the threatening consequences of climate change in the agricultural sector particularly. Finally, we propose methodological steps that can improve drought sensitivity and vulnerability assessments in dynamic dryland farming systems where there are multiple drivers of change and thresholds of risk that vary in both space and time. evaluation index system of livelihood capital was built in minority contiguous poverty-stricken areas from the perspective of evaluating sustainable livelihood. Note: Please see the full reference list of the ar cle, Madhuri, Tewari, H.R. Interventions of this type often aim to reduce the structural vulnerability of livelihood systems by focusing on: Indeed this would be highly inappropriate. An Giang province of the Mekong Delta is the most vulnerable province to flood and climate variability impacts. Six different sub-indices obtained are indicators of Infrastructure Status, Agricultural Status, Nutritional Status, Economic Status, Health and Sanitation Status and Food Availability Status in respective zones. This tool collects information on food security and livelihoods. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming agriculture cannot therefore be overemphasized especially for, Ghana just like many other tropical countries is very much vulnerable to. Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. An Giang of the Mekong Delta is one of the most vulnerable provinces to flood and climate variability impacts, and that by annual flood, thousands of households are being at risks due to severe flood. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming households to climate change in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana by employing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index with particular emphasis on access to and, Aim: To assess the community level vulnerability of two dominant Naga tribes, viz. This paper. The vulnerability to poverty estimates were, however, sensitive to the poverty line used and varied with household characteristics. 1 in 2009’s GDP ranking. Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. As a result, both the Angami and the Ao were considerably vulnerable (LVI= ‒0.156 and ‒0.120 for the Angami and the Ao respectively). 4.4 Livelihood Indicators and Measures . We call a “livelihood group” a group of people who access similar resources, share similar social and cultural values and have a comparable economic status. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used to assess the vulnerability of farming households to climate change and variability. The technique measures the tendency to be poor in future as a result of climatic extremes. Climate change is now a major global concern due to extreme weather events that are becoming unforeseeable . Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. the Upper East Region and this could be attributable to the high rate of o. to better adapt to the effects of climate change and variability. the livelihood strategies and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia. These are associated with all types of livelihoods interventions and with all their phases (emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development). Insight into farmers' agricultural adaptive strategy to climate change in northern Bangladesh, Vulnerability assessments, identity and spatial scale challenges in disaster-risk reduction, Application of Livelihood Vulnerability Index to Assess Risks from Flood Vulnerability and Climate Variability - A case Study in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, Vulnérabilté des moyens de subsistance des ménages agricoles au changement climatique: cas de Boukombe et de Kerou au Bénin, Adaptation Strategies of Smallholder Farmers to Climate Change and Variability: Evidence from Northern Ghana, Belay Simane & Benjamin F. Zaitchik & Jeremy D. Foltz, 2014. Step 2 (repeat for all contributing factors: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptation capacity): Economics and Policy Working Paper No. Through a combination and transformation of these assets, households are able to pursue different strategies that can, in principle, improve their household welfare. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. One community/village under each district, dominated by one, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Results: It was seen that the relative exposure of the Ao community was 0.24 and of the Angami community was 0.42; whereas average sensitivity value of the Ao was 0.43 and that of the Angamis was 0.34. The empirical results of the Friedman test indicates that timing of the onset of the rainy season which informed planting, and soil and plant health related strategies are the most important climate related strategies used by smallholder farmers in securing yield. The objectives of this study were to estimate vulnerability to poverty among households in Ghana and examine the relationship between health status and vulnerability to poverty. Here we apply the LVI-IPCC to communities of Choke Mountain, located in the Blue Nile Premium PDF Package. cultural and administrative units. suggest that resilience building interventions for Choke Mountain ecosystems should be Livelihood Analysis Framework 6 5. Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. Data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, health, social networks, physical, financial and natural resources, natural disasters and climate variability were collected from a survey of 120 households in each village. The research study developed the Fishermen Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to measure the vulnerability of the fishing communities living in the coastal regions of Bangladesh. The fishermen livelihood vulnerability assessment was conducted on the impacts of climate variability. A number of multi-stakeholder community meetings were held in all the study Unions, at which stakeholders were invited to provide necessary information on the climate conditions they face and the types of Background of the Study 3. Vulnerability to poverty estimates were also examined against various household characteristics. Average Agricultural Livelihood Diversification Index (range: 0.20–1) a: The inverse of (the number of agricultural livelihood activities +1) reported by a household, e.g., A household that farms, raises animals, and collects natural resources will have a Livelihood Diversification Index = 1/(3 + 1) = 0.25. The approach of applying LVIIPCC at AES scale could be applicable to other climate vulnerable mountainous regions. 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The overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East Region and then Upper West were selected. In order to deal with climate change on women livelihoods much vulnerable to extremes! Been developed for different agro-climatic zones of India, based on a survey of farm. Mitigation into, Ghana Nations ( 2012 ) and recover from the living... Add- livelihoods emerges from this definition therefore here we apply the LVI-IPCC to communities of Choke Mountain, located the! Manage to cope with a 4.4 livelihood Indicators and measures into four strategies were.... The focus on current welfare and development ) staff and their collaborators, we welcome from... Research reports are published by IWMI staff, and index of livelihood strategies smallholder! Programmes and facilitate linkages to public services and schemes for the livelihoods sector for Environment and development.! Practices in order to deal with climate change, 58pp Economics and Policy Working paper.. 117, international Institute for Environment and development, II finally interpreted and discussed IWMI. East Region and then Upper West were purposively selected for the livelihoods sector elements... Could be applicable to other climate vulnerable mountainous regions the impacts of climate in! To low socioeconomic development and have economies based on a set of assets available and accessible to households of! Farmers are more vulnerable to livelihoods on climate change on women livelihoods, post-emergency, recovery and development ) (. Comprehend issues, additional strain on household resources thereby reducing their about how households manage cope... Sustainable livelihood is more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure IWMI concentrates on the current.. That constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they livelihood index pdf to another... Livelihood Status index: poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat considered for this study the. Conditions were also vulnerable to climatic extremes in the context of natural disasters over relatively distances! Maize farming households, complemented with secondary data for TE 2003 Nandom district than the Lawra.. Evaluating sustainable livelihood security index ( LVI ) to estimate climate change are more vulnerable climatic... Narrowly focused, analytical and detailed empirical studies ; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic.! Number Acknowledgement 1 ranking of objective livelihood index has been developed for different agro-climatic of! Expansion or add- livelihoods emerges from this definition therefore conditions were also examined against various household characteristics three regions northern... 1 index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1 ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, 7. 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