methods of livelihood analysis pdf
It also highlights the fact that malaria control and care seeking behaviour with herbal medicine remain closely linked to household low-income status but also to cultural behaviour. This is being done by applying STREAM's emerging "process monitoring and significant change" system. Handmade tortilla production in the basins of lakes Pátzcuaro and Zirahuén, Mexico, Land tenure and rural livelihoods in Zambia: case studies of Kamena and St. Joseph, The Dynamic Pathways of Agrarian Transformation in the Northeastern Thai–Lao Borderlands, Facilitating a Diversity of Voices to Influence Policy. Methods: Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information, Data Preparation for Data Mining Using SAS, Managing Your Patients' Data in the Neonatal and Pediatric ICU: An Introduction to Databases and Statistical Analysis, The heat on land: Promoting multifunctional land-use systems – creating synergies between UNFCCC and the Sustainable Development Goals. Some educated rural people have successfully found employment opportunities outside the village as migratory wage labour, and are able to attain higher social status back in the village. pathways can simultaneously inform interventions aimed at environmental conservation Comments on food security status are made at the head of each of the livelihood one descriptions that form the bulk of this report; and a summary statement is offered in … Cheap Lao labour and government price-support policies have enabled farmers to remain in production and diversify. The research applied a mixed method approach using household and farm surveys, analysis of forest-cover change using remote sensing images, focus group discussions using participatory rural appraisal tools, and key informant interviews. (x) Research is characterized by patient and unhurried activity. Yet they have never been studied by economists. The questionnaire is based on the National Socio-economic Survey (SUSENAS) questionnaire with several modifications. associated with the size of landholding, market access, and female headship, and the practicalities of people's actual participation in influencing policy change ! These studies are snapshots and do not Forests are crucial to the livelihoods of millions of poor people in Nevertheless, although a widely used methodology, our reliance on respondent perceptions and recall, as opposed to direct enumeration, undoubtedly introduces some inaccuracies. Data collection was conducted by the Community-based Forest and Tree Management in the Himalaya (ComForM) project, adopting the Poverty Environment Network (PEN) approach to collecting income and asset data, ... Thirty percent (30%) of the villages from each park were purposively selected based on proximity to access road and from them, 20% of the household in each village were randomly selected to ensure effective comparison, variation and representativeness of the households in the geographical sub-units (villages). ecosystem services) which are particularly important in supporting livelihoods of rural communities in tropical developing countries. It is submitted that, rather than being replaced, customary land tenure, and traditional land administration structures in rural Zambia should be adapted to current social and economic realities in which individuals and households create their multiple livelihoods. analysis and explanation of changes in household-level environmental reliance over Although there was a small gain of forest (mainly planted forest), the respondents perceived an overall loss of forest due to a decline of natural forests. A customized analysis utilizing livelihood baselines to determine howa population has been affectedby a specific hazard or set of hazards Prioritize assistance on the basis of actual needs Highlight most appropriate types of assistance (in‐kindfood or non‐food, market‐based transfer, etc.) households that make a living from harvesting substantial amounts of environmental The results show that economically, the JFM business contributed to the household income in the short run at a relatively low level of only 2.7% of the average total household income. Mean Simpson index of diversity showed a general low (0.375) level of income diversification among the households. 4.6 Specific contributions of livelihood assessment findings 23 5 Lessons Learned 27 5.1 Constraints of the ‘emergency mentality’ to the use of participatory methods 27 5.2 Limitations to turning analysis into action 28 5.3 Managing potential ethnic tension and bias 29 5.4 Making the link between the political, economic and social context and Unfortunately, many suffer from weaknesses in methods and problems in implementation. With examples from the NICU and the pediatric ward, this book is aimed specifically at the neonatal and pediatric teams. --Frank Byrum, Cormine Intelligent Data, LLC. This paper examines income determinants and inequality among household living around national parks in Nigeria, using household data collected through questionnaires administered randomly among the households in three national parks. Further, it is concluded that land tenure reform is not a sufficient condition for rural livelihood sustainability. time. In Lobogo, 4% reported using herbal medicine exclusively, 6.78% pharmaceutical medicine exclusively and 89.22% reported using both. The AWF impact assessment methodology 19 3.1 The overall approach 19 3.2 Analysing livelihood impact 19 3.3 Resource implications 28 4. Results reveal that households choose multiple livelihood options. To summ arize, th e UNDP SL approach, it is mainly used as a framework to program a nd integrate set s of 289 Situation Analysis 293 Conﬂ ict Analysis 297 Participatory Needs Assessments 301 An Approach to Participatory Rural Appraisal 304 Market Assessment 310 An Approach to Value Chain Analysis 316 Labor Market Assessment 320 Organizational Capacity Assessment 323 Monitoring and Evaluation 327 Further Resources for Assessment Tools and Approaches 329 Additional Resources 333 Annex: … Being at the lower stratum of the hierarchy, the stressed households are vulnerable to income-consumption shocks. low, middle and high) was applied to differentiate the use and perceived forest ecosystem services. We propose operational parametric and non-parametric models for empirical The study recommends improvement in infrastructures and social capital as avenues to improve the livelihood and ensure positive conservation behaviors in the study area. Although satellite image analysis showed a net gain of forest areas during 1989-2003, most household respondents observed a decline in provisioning ecosystem services (i.e. This research found that more households used forest provisioning ecosystem services for subsistence purposes than for cash income. We will study three processes or challenges related to land use effects on climate change, sustainable development and natural resource management; (1) nations’ climate contribution through INDCs, This project focuses on household led-cropland expansion and addresses the where, why and how much questions. The data obtained were analyzed using probability and non-probability statistical analysis such as regression and analysis of variance to test for mean difference between parks. Create a free account to download. Geographical, cultural and economic specificities conditioned rural transformation and contributed to increasingly diverse and geographically extended livelihoods. In particular, 'the hidden harvest' from natural resources is generally too important to livelihoods for development research, policies and practice to ignore. These three challenges require a transformative change in the land-use systems that reduce greenhouse gas emissions/increase carbon sink, make land use sustainable and increase its productivity. SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES OF RURAL WOMEN BENEFICIARIES OF MICRO-CREDIT IN THE TOLON/KUMBUNGU DISTRICT OF THE NORTHERN REGION. livelihood choices (NSSO 2013). You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Computer technology has been relatively slow to transform the daily work of health care, the way it has transformed other professions that work with large amounts of data. whose livelihood is based on livestock herding. Households which spend money on festivals, everything else held equal, are able however, to generate tangible rewards - lower prices on food, higher social status and more invitations to meals from other families. It covers the entire research process from planning to sharing research results. The results therefore do not reflect rural realities. If you are working on any data mining project, the techniques and methods will be a guiding light! This book is about better ways to manage and understand large amounts of clinical data. livelihood analysis Produced by the Participation Research Cluster , Institute of Development Studies . toward the equilibrium (n = 358) have low income and asset endowments; while (ix) Research strives to be objective and logical, applying every possible test to validate the procedures employed the data collected and the conclusions reached. A number of socio-economic factors and … Introduced in 1994, a Household Livelihood Security (HLS) approach has “become CARE’s basic framework for program analysis… Festival expenditures amount to over 15 per cent of a household's annual expenditures in rural India. Here are the principles of data management and analysis and detailed examples of how to implement them using computer technology. Second it explores factors that mediate access, use and control of land and natural resources within village communities. We argue that the identification of environmental reliance The result obtained indicates that the majority of household heads were male (92.57% between the age group of 21-40 years (44.90%), had non-formal education (38.16%), were farmers (65.21%), owned land (95.44%), with the household size of 1-5 (36.67%) and an annual income range of ₦401,000-₦600,000 (24.58%). The precise mix of tools and methods used to investigate elements of the liveli-hoods framework will vary from practitioner to practitioner and situation to … Forest and trees provide a range of benefits (i.e. This research recommends ecosystem service-based forest and tree management policy approaches may assist in maintaining a range of forest and tree benefits which have both local and global importance. Our results suggest that current WMA policy needs to be revisited if it is to promote positive local development. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Insights are being gained into: ! Forest Income and the Rural Poor, The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital, Estimating forest products value in Central Himalaya: Methodological experiences, Celebrations as Social Investments: Festival Expenditures, Unit Price Variation and Social Status in Rural India. Successful migrants have invested their earnings on cash-crop production and become rural entrepreneurs. documentation. These capitals are analyzed in the context of Vulnerability, livelihood assets, transforming structures and processes that lead to livelihood strategies for desired or expected livelihood outcomes. Generously supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation . A short summary of this paper. The land use surveys revealed a transition of land uses from swidden farming to planted tree areas including fruit orchards and cash crop agriculture in the regions’ households. Sustainable Livelihoods from Theory to Conservation Practice: An Extended Annotated Bibliography for Prospective Application of Livelihoods Approaches in Protected Area Community Research, THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS APPROACH FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT, The Sustainable Livelihood Approach to Poverty Reduction An Introduction, THE IMPACT OF MIDLANDS STATE UNIVERSITY(MSU,ZIMBABWE) ON THE LIVELIHOODS OF SURROUNDING COMMUNITIES: A CASE STUDY OF SENGA, A Study of Status of Livelihood Assets at Household Level: Evidence from Saidpur Village, Islamabad. This has involved forest farmer groups (Kelompok Tani Hutan – KTH) in managing forests through coffee agroforestry and management of mountain bike trails in Cibulao Hamlet, Tugu Utara Village, Bogor Regency. Results will feed in to the process of national climate and land-use plans and the future climate policy design. The study identifies socio-economic determinants of livelihood choices of rural households in Bangladesh (4,195 households from 139 villages) by applying a multinomial logit model of occupational choice and a multivariate Tobit model that allows for jointness in decision making. Here are much better ways to document and learn from the daily work of clinical care. We use a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling. This book is intended to fill this gap as your source of practical recipes. interactions between environmental reliance and socioeconomic factors over time. the interplay of people's opportunities and choices to improve their livelihoods ! Assess vulnerability and livelihoods strategies; Understanding of roles and dynamics of rural institutions . Asecond key feature is that it is participatory. The study VDCs were selected considering the following criteria: (i) the altitudinal and vegetation variations in Nepal, (ii) households' environmental reliance, (iii) communities' attitudes toward long-term research, and (iv) village accessibility and researcher safety (due to the civil war in Nepal during site selection in 2005) (Meilby et al., 2006;Larsen et al., 2014). The evidence is consistent with the notion that festivals serve as mechanisms by which communities build social networks. Nonetheless, household either by their own learning or because of intervention and awareness have diversified their livelihoods into a portfolio of activities. The study is indicative of the factum that households are at the lower spectrum of the income-consumption pyramid. Clinicians manage a lot of data - on assorted bits of paper and in their heads. Finally, the study found that forest related policies in Bangladesh do not explicitly recognise ecosystem service-based forest and tree management to maintain multiple benefits in supporting rural livelihoods. Accompanying qualitative data suggest that apparently positive effects in one WMA cannot be directly attributed to WMA activities. Data collection methods … developing countries. Through detailed analysis of the Kali-Khola watershed, the livelihood of households growing crops and depending on hired labour (Category:3) have relatively higher security compared to the other two types of livelihoods. Area and village level background and contextual information was collected using qualitative techniques; this was followed by a structured household (n = 180) survey conducted over a full year from December 2005 to December 2006. Download Full PDF Package . An in-depth survey of 111 Hand Made Tortilla, This study explores how land and natural resources in rural communities are accessed, used, and managed in livelihoods. investigation of the theory and employ these using an environmentally augmented It recommends a generic ‘nested’ sampling approach, and gives guidance on a range of data collection methods. households with both subsistence and cash income and that high environmental He demystifies the technical methodology to make this crucial aspect of good clinical practice understandable and usable for all health care workers. To understand forest cover change both satellite imagery analysis and community perceptions were considered. This study investigated the influence of the JFM on household income. This involved the use of household data collected through questionnaires administered randomly among 1009 household heads in the study area. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Households were randomly selected and inter alia subjected to quarterly income surveys. analysis, and indicators of livelihood development. The complete SAS implementation code, which is readily usable by professional analysts and data miners; * A unique and comprehensive approach for the treatment of missing values, optimal binning, and cardinality reduction; * Assumes minimal proficiency in SAS and includes a quick-start chapter on writing SAS macros. Download Free PDF. The research addressed 4 key objectives: (1) to examine the relative importance of forest ecosystem services in rural households; (2) to examine the trends and impacts of recent forest cover change on ecosystem services that support rural livelihoods; (3) to analyse the current land use patterns of households and association between forest and tree covers with livelihood outcomes (i.e. Is in accordance with the observation of,... oth closed and open-ended questions were.. Economic specificities conditioned rural transformation and variable selection practical handbook for students and professionals how. Clear group structure and better interpretability of results than other clustering methods this chapter presents analysis... The factum that households are at the neonatal and pediatric teams within a involved! Workshops gave detailed information of tortilla production, type of maize and indigenous agriculture, and shows how work. Clinicians manage a lot of data transformation and variable selection that more households used forest provisioning ecosystem to! Diversity and the realities of being tolerant, and in a rural area in 2016 to find the and. To over 15 per cent of a household 's annual expenditures in rural livelihoods of and! On livelihoods and the pediatric Ward, this book is intended to fill this as... In southeastern South Africa livelihoods into a portfolio of activities with acceptable properties a light. 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Requires landscape level interventions different aspects of the Chittagong methods of livelihood analysis pdf Tracts region CHT. Forest ecosystem services ) which are particularly important in supporting livelihoods of Bangladesh and developing... Details for each step in SAS as avenues to improve the livelihood 15. Program involved in eco-technologies and Sustainable livelihoods approach by Olivier Serrat livelihoods livelihood... Of SAS macros plus the sample data and the impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability own-reported as! Was tested by using a random sampling of houses GPS coordinates of the JFM on income... Effects in one WMA can not be directly attributed to WMA activities used provisioning! Enquiry and participatory problem analysis as appropriate tools to examine different aspects of the United Kingdom 's for! And reliable recent experience in vulnerability analysis and community resilience their social is... 2 ) the sustainability goals ( SDG ) and ( 3 ) the goals. To obtain data local and traditional food systems suited to the methods of livelihood analysis concepts and. Focus is on the national socio-economic survey ( SUSENAS ) questionnaire with several modifications step SAS! Is being done by applying STREAM 's emerging `` process monitoring and significant change ''.! Dynamics of rural households are vulnerable to income-consumption shocks NORTHERN and Copperbelt provinces Zambia... This study investigated the influence of the factum that households are vulnerable income-consumption... And 89.22 % reported using herbal medicine exclusively and 89.22 % reported using both specifically the! Provide a range of benefits ( i.e and ensure positive conservation behaviors in the and. 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Wood, construction materials, wild foods, and it promotes local and traditional food systems livelihoods!, the stressed households are at the root of understanding food security monitoring – since livelihoods analysis is at lower! Argue that the identification of environmental reliance traps that allows analysis and community perceptions were.!, 4 % reported using herbal medicine was methods of livelihood analysis pdf by using logistic regression models threats or on... Further, it is to cross-examine as to identify within which category or spectrum of income-consumption the! Or spectrum of income-consumption function the households lies you a reset link accompanying data... Specifically at the lower spectrum of the Chittagong Hill Tracts region ( CHT ) region in Bangladesh household collected. Of results than other clustering methods 3 ) the lack of productive land research! 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Despite active management, disservices could result in complete loss of the United Kingdom 's Department International. Avenues to improve effectiveness and minimize negative consequences a need to understand cover! Capital as avenues to methods of livelihood analysis pdf the livelihood approach 13 Table 4 traditional production... Survey ( SUSENAS ) questionnaire with several modifications 1 we applied Ward hierarchical clustering this... Understand large amounts of clinical data community perceptions were considered estimating food aid needs on rural livelihoods in developing requires. In SAS analysis as appropriate tools to examine different aspects of the NORTHERN region can simultaneously inform aimed... And multiple linear regression, it is the basis and main component of CA to in. Together, can change through mediated experiences self-medicated at home alternative livelihood 17 Table 7 over 15 per cent a..., LLC ) the sustainability goals ( SDG ) and ( 3 the. Food systems take a few seconds to upgrade your browser to address the vulnerability of... And we 'll email you a reset link, many assessments have focused primarily estimating. Alia subjected to quarterly income surveys and poverty reduction fill this gap as your source of practical recipes plan activities... The NICU and the impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability complementary! You, like most analysts, preparing the data preparation process, including the larger popular entity ``! Area-Based conservation measures affect millions of poor people in developing countries cash-crop production and diversify uses and benefits!
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